Environmental Sampling Guide

LABORATORY TESTING

Sampling Information
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Parameter

Matrix

EPA Method

Sample Container/Volume

Preservative

Recommended Holding Time

TPH (SGT-HEM)

Soil/Sediment

1664M

4oz. wm w/ Teflon Septa

Cool 4oC

28 Days


Groundwater/Waste Water

1664

GL/ 1L

HCl pH <2 Cool 4oC

28 Days

This method replaces TPH - IR methods; EPA 418.1M and 418.1

TPH-GC (GRO)

Soil/Sediment

8015B

4oz. wm

Cool 4oC

14 Days


Groundwater/Waste Water


VOA vials/ 2x 40 mL.

HCl pH <2 Cool 4oC

14 Days

TPH-GC (DRO)

Soil/Sediment

8015B

4oz. wm

Cool 4oC

14 Days


Water/Waste Water


GL/ 1L

HCl pH <2 Cool 4oC

14 Days

Volatile Organics*

Soil/Sediment

8260/8021-M

4oz. wm

Cool 4oC

14 Days

 

Groundwater/Waste Water

8260/8021-M
624/602-M

VOA vials/ 2x 40 mL.

HCl pH <2 Cool 4oC

14 Days

Organic Pesticides and PCBs

Soil/Sediment

8081/8082

4oz. wm

Cool 4oC

14 Days until Extraction,
40 Days to Analyze


Groundwater/Waste Water

8081/8082
608

GL/ 1L

Cool 4oC

7 Days until Extraction,
40 Days to Analyze

SemiVolatile Organics

Soil/Sediment

8270

4oz. wm

Cool 4oC

14 Days until Extraction,
40 Days to Analyze

 

Groundwater/Waste Water

8270
625

GL/ 1L

Cool 4oC

7 Days until Extraction,
40 Days to Analyze

Metals
(Except Mercury)

Soil/Sediment

6020

4oz. wm

Cool 4oC

6 Months


Groundwater/Waste Water

200.8

PL/ 300mL

HNO3 pH <2 Cool 4oC

 

Mercury

Soil/Sediment

6020

4oz. wm

Cool 4oC

28 Days

 

Groundwater/Waste Water

200.8

PL/ 300mL

HNO3 pH <2 Cool 4oC

 

b a c k   t o   t o p
 

Parameter

EPA Method

Sample Container/Volume

Preservative

Recommended Holding Time

Acidity

305.1

PL or GL/ 100mL

Cool 4oC

14 Days

Alkalinity

310.1

PL or GL/ 100mL

Cool 4oC

14 Days

Bacteria, Fecal Coliform

909C

100mL

Cool 4oC

6 Hours

Bacteria, Total Coliform

909A

100mL

Cool 4oC

6 Hours

Biochemical Oxygen Demand(BOD), 5 Day

405.1

PL or GL/ 1L

Cool 4oC

48 Hours

Biochemical Oxygen Demand(BOD), 5 Day Carbonaceous

405.1

PL or GL/ 1 L

Cool 4oC

48 Hours

Bromide

320.1

PL or GL/ 200mL

Cool 4oC

28 Days

Chemical Oxygen Demand(COD)

410.4

PL or GL/ 250mL

H2SO4 pH <2, Cool 4oC

28 Days

Chloride

325.3

PL or GL/ 100mL

Cool 4oC

28 Days

Chlorine, Residual

SM 4500G

PL or GL/ 250mL

Cool 4oC

Immediately

Color

110.3

PL or GL/ 250mL

Cool 4oC

48 Hours

Cyanide, Total

335.2

PL or GL/ 1 L

NaOH pH >12, Cool 4oC

14 Days

Fluoride, Total

340.2

PL/ 200mL

Cool 4oC

28 Days

Hardness, Total

130.2

PL or GL/ 250mL

HNO3 or H2SO4 to pH <2, Cool 4oC

6 Months

Nitrogen, Ammonia

350.2

PL or GL/ 250mL

H2SO4 to pH <2, Cool 4oC

28 Days

Nitrogen, Kjeldahl

351.3

PL or GL/ 1L

H2SO4 to pH <2, Cool 4oC

chlorinated; 28 Days

nonchlorinated; 14 Days

Nitrogen, Nitrate

353.3

PL or GL/ 100mL

Cool 4oC

48 Hours

Nitrogen, Nitrite

335.3

PL or GL/ 100mL

Cool 4oC

48 Hours

Nitrogen, Nitrate & Nitrite

353.2

PL or GL/ 100mL

H2SO4 to pH <2, Cool 4oC

28 Days

Nitrogen, Organic

351.3/350.2

PL or GL/ 100mL

H2SO4 to pH <2, Cool 4oC

28 Days

Odor

140.1

GL/ 1L

Cool 4oC

24 Hours

Oil and Grease (HEM)

1664/1664M

GL/ 1L

H2SO4 or HCL to pH <2, Cool 4oC

28 Days

Oxygen, Dissolved

360.1

GL Bottle and Top/ 250mL

Zero Headspace

Cool 4oC

Immediately

pH

150.1

PL or GL / 100mL

Cool 4oC

Immediately

Phenolics

420.1

GL/ 1L

H2SO4 to pH <2, Cool 4oC

28 Days

Phosphorus, Orthophosphate

365.2

PL or GL/ Filtered/100mL

Cool 4oC

48 Hours

b a c k   t o   t o p
 

Parameter

EPA Method

Sample Container/Volume

Preservative

Recommended Holding Time

Phosphorus, Total

365.2

PL or GL/ 100mL

H2SO4 to pH <2, Cool 4oC

28 Days

Solids, Settleable

160.5

PL or GL/1L

Cool 4oC

48 Hours

Solids, Suspended Volatile

SM 209A

PL or GL/ 100mL

Cool 4oC

7 Days

Solids, Total

160.3

PL or GL/ 100mL

Cool 4oC

7 Days

Solids, Total Dissolved

160.1

PL or GL/ 100mL

Cool 4oC

7 Days

Solids, Total Suspended

160.2

PL or GL/ 100mL

Cool 4oC

7 Days

Solids, Total Volatile

160.4

PL or GL/ 100mL

Cool 4oC

7 Days

Specific Conductance

120.1

PL or GL/ 100mL

Cool 4oC

28 Days

Sulfate

375.4

PL or GL/ 100mL

Cool 4oC

28 Days

Sulfide, Total

376.1

PL or GL/ 250mL

NaOH + Zn acetate to pH>9, Cool 4oC

7 Days

Sulfite

377.1

PL or GL/ 250mL

Cool 4oC

Immediately

Surfactants (MBAS)

425.1

PL or GL/ 250mL

Cool 4oC

48 Hours

Total Organic Carbon (TOC)

415.1

PL or GL/ 100mL

H2SO4 or HCL to pH <2, Cool 4oC

28 Days

Total Organic Halogen (TOX)

450.1

GL Amber/ 1L

Cool 4oC

14 Days

Turbidity

180.1

PL or GL/ 100mL

Cool 4oC

48 hours

PL = High Density Polyethylene

GL = Glass

wm = Wide Mouth